A student has affected in Kerala from a virus named “Nipah”. Officials confirmed that this rare and deadly disease is in the news again after long time. The health department has started focusing to combat with disease and all precautionary measures has been adopted in order to stopping the virus from spreading. As per the health specialists, this animal-borne disease spreads through humans, bat or pigs and can be spread through contaminated food and human contact with humans.
World Health Organization has stated that, a person who is infected from the Nipah may occasionally have no symptoms, but in general the infected person may have problems with fatal encephalitis, breathing and swelling of the brain. The early symptoms of the infected person include fever, headache, muscular pain, vomiting and sore throat. After this there can be an effect on the person with dizziness and the problem of naps, memory, understanding, which are signs of severe encephalitis.
The most of the patients who recover from encephalitis are physically fully healthy but it has also been observed that they have a problem with the nerves for a long time. WHO has reported mortality rates ranging from 40 to 75 percent.
The beginning of this epidemic:
During the pandemic spread in Malaysia in 1999 in pig farming, the first of the nipah virus was detected. It was discovered in Bangladesh in 2001 and since then the pandemic continues to emerge annually in the country. From time to time, the disease is also known in India. Last year, 17 people died from this virus in Kerala.
How Nipah spreads:
According to the WHO, for the first time in Malaysia, when it was detected and influenced by Singapore’s disease, it was found that most of the people infected with the virus came in direct contact with sick pigs or their contaminated tissues. After this, the most likely sources of spread of this epidemic in Bangladesh and India are consumption of bats, salivary fruits or their products manufactured or toddy. At present, there has been no study on the presence of the fluid in the body, such as blood or saliva or the virus in nature.
Human to human virus transfer has been noticed in the reports of infection, such as the people of the family who serve the infected patients have been reported in transit. Dr P. Vkanta Krishnan of Internal Medicine in Paras Hospital, Gururgram said, “By eating the infected product, the virus is transferred to the body of the person.
In this case, the virus does not move anywhere from its first place. It is like the seasonal reaction. “He said,” Avoid going to places where the Nepah virus has been identified. Such cases remain in a specific area and it does not spread. “Krishnan said that its infection rate is very low compared to swine flu.
Diagnosis of the disease: As there is no early symptoms of nipah virus are known so the treatment is not initially done. Due to this there is a hindrance in the treatment at the right time and it creates challenges in detecting epidemic, effective and time-consuming infection control and pandemic activities.
Main Investigation: Detection of antibodies with saliva, blood-real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) screening. Other investigations include investigating the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and detecting the virus through cell culture.
Treatment: There is currently no medication or vaccine for this disease, however WHO has identified it as a primary disease for WHO Research and Development. Dr. Deepak Verma of the International Medicine at Columbia Asia Hospital in Ghaziabad said, “There is no vaccine available for Nipah at this time. Anti-viral ‘Ribavirin’ can play a role in reducing the mortality rate of patients suffering from encephalitis due to Nephah’s disease. According to a recent study published in ‘Science Transitional Medicine’, experimental Ebola drug use in monkeys has viewed positive effects on monkeys infected with Nipah.
So, in conclusion, there is no medicine available for Nipah, but only thing is that you have to be very much careful and use the guided precautionary measures.